The Founding Of The Constitution
In May, 1787 delegates from the 13 colonies of the United States met together in Philadelphia. The delegates formed the Founding Fathers and the meeting became known as The Constitutional Convention or The Philadelphia Convention. The purpose of the convention was to form a set of rules for the government and laws of the United States of America.
THE FOUNDING FATHERS
George Washington was voted as the president of the Constitutional Convention. His response was to apologise for any errors he might make during the proceedings for he felt under qualified for this huge responsibility. George Washington was not the only famous name among the delegates.
The Founding Fathers were people who contributed to the Constitution. Founding fathers who were present in Philadelphia included:
- Benjamin Franklin
- James Madison
- Alexander Hamilton
- Roger Sherman
Not all of the Founding Fathers were present at Philadelphia however they became known as Founding Fathers due to contributions that were made to the seven articles that became The Constitution. There many reasons why Founding Fathers were not all present including a suspicion of the purpose of the convention. Thomas Jefferson however had a different reason for not attending because he was acting as the American ambassador to France.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
The 13 colonies all agreed on the Articles of Confederation as a ruling law on how the colonies would be governed. This was first drafted in 1776 and had undergone many amendments before the Constitutional Convention met.
Each of the Founding Fathers had contributed either in the articles or the convention itself. The purpose of the Constitutional Convention was to agree on how to rule The United States of America and end the civil war once and for all now that the British had given The United States their freedom.
The Articles of Conferation compromised of seven separate articles covering many laws of government including:
- Article One – a description of congress
- Article Two – a description of the President
- Article Three – a description of the court system
- Article Four – a description of relations between states and federal government
- Article Five – a description of the amendment process
- Article Six – a description of federal laws and treaties
- Article Seven – a description of the frame of government
Each of the 13 States came together under the Constitution in order to become one independent country separate from Britain.
The Founding of the Constitution allowed all the colonies to unite together under one set of rules and one government. From this point in time the 13 colonies became the United States of America.
Sample Outline #2
Title: The FederalistPapers’ Influence on the Ratification of the Constitution
Thesis: The Federalist Papers influenced the ratification of the Constitution by making some of their most important arguments, including the importance of being in a Union by having a Constitution, answering to the objections made by the Anti-federalists about separation of powers, and defending opposing arguments made against the characteristics of the executive and judicial branch as provided in the Constitution.
a. Describe The Federalist Papers are and when they started
b. Thesis:The Federalist influenced the ratification of the Constitution by making some of their most important arguments, including the importance of being in a Union by having a Constitution, answering to the objections made by the Anti-federalists about separation of powers, and defending opposing arguments made against the characteristics of the executive and judicial branch as provided in the Constitution.
a. State when The Federalist was printed and published.
b. Discuss the intentions and purposes of The Federalist.
III. Argument for the benefit of a
a. A would guard against external dangers
b. A would guard against internal dangers
A. The “extended sphere” argument about how it will control factions. (Federalist 10)
IV. Argument of the problem with complete separation of powers
a. Anti-federalists wanted a complete separation of the judicial, executive, and legislative branches
b. The Federalist said the maxim of complete separation of powers is misunderstood. (Montesquieu)
c. The branches need some limited power of the other branches to protect themselves from encroachment of the other branches (Federalist 51)
A. The branches need to have the interests of maintaining their powers, and not letting the other branches take that away.
V. Argument for a single executive, and against a plural executive
a. Anti-federalists didn’t want a single executive, too much like a monarch
b. The Federalist need the executive to be “energetic” and a plural executive would make this impossible (Federalist 70)
A. It would take too long for the people in the executive position to make decision in an emergency, because they might disagree.
B. In a plural executive, it is hard to tell who is responsible for a wrongdoing because they can all blame each other, so a single executive would lead to more responsible behavior
VI. Argument in favor of judicial review and terms of good behavior for judges
a. Anti-federalists didn’t like judicial review and the term of good behavior
b. The Federalist argued that judicial review was necessary to protect the judicial branch from the Legislature.
c. A term of good behavior was necessary to get qualified people for the positions; it would also give them time to develop knowledge.
b. The dates of the ratification of the Constitution by the States
c. The Federalist’s influence beyond the ratification